The Object of Crime as a Part of Illegal Banking Activity (Art. 172 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation)
The article is devoted one of the most highly demanded by law enforcement practice articles of chapter 22 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation — illegal banking activity (Article 172). The author considers the problems of determining the object of crime, analyzes the fundamental theoretical positions that have been formed in the science of criminal law, examines the defining provisions of the special legislation on banks and banking in the Russian Federation, identifies signs of banking as a special type of entrepreneurial activity for the purposes of applying criminal law. On the basis of the analysis, the author develops the definition for the concept of the main direct object of the crime, studies the signs of an additional object of illegal banking activity, and proposes the definition of an additional object of crime. The research is done of the importance for the qualification in law enforcement practice of a clear, systematic definition of the object of crime. The article proposes the main theoretical provisions that allow us to delimit the crime provided for by Art. 172 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation from adj acent components of crime, primarily from the illegal business activities and from various forms of fraud.
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